The government has just issued a decree clarifying tax reductions and exemptions for small- and medium-sized enterprises grappling with difficulties due to the economic downturn.
The decree, coded 60/2012/ND-CP and issued on Monday, allows for a 30 percent reduction of corporate income tax in 2012 for SMEs, except those in the areas of real estate, lottery, securities, banking, insurance, and production or provision of commodities and services that are subject to the special consumption tax.
Enterprises that are subject to the 30 percent tax reduction also include labour-intensive ones in areas of farm produce processing, footwear and garment making, electronic components, and construction. In these cases, enterprises must have at least 300 regular labourers in 2012.
The government in its decree also offers exemptions of value-added tax and corporate income tax for enterprises involved in the business of food catering for workers of other enterprises. However, those supplying food portions for others in the area of transport and aviation are not subject to these incentives.
In the same period of time, if an enterprise is entitled to different tax incentives for the same taxable income, it can choose the most preferential incentive.
In case enterprises are already enjoying other incentives of corporate income tax under the prevalent law, then the tax reduction as provided for in this decree will be calculated on the rest sum after deducting the tax incentives.
The decree will take effect as from September 20.