Prime minister Nguyen Tan Dung asked for more efforts to realise the preset targets of keeping inflation around 9 per cent, stabilising macro-economy, maintaining the growth rate of 6 per cent and deploying social welfare policies.
The PM made the request at the government’s regular meeting held from May 3-4.
On the right track
Regarding the performance of the national economy in the first four months, the Cabinet members all agreed that the economy is gaining “initial positive achievements” and “on the right track” as solution for inflation curbing and macro-economic stabilisation are taking effect.
The consumer price index (CPI) began to fall since July 2011. The index was up 1 percent in January this year, 1.37 per cent in February, 0.16 percent in March and 0.05 per cent in April compared to the previous months.
In terms banking-finance sector, the State Bank of Vietnam (SBV) has implemented a number of measures to reduce the deposit rate from 14 per cent per year to 12 per cent per year. The central bank also launched policies to support agriculture, small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), exports, processing industry while loosening credit for non-production sectors, even the real estate.
The total export and import value in the first four months of the year reached more than US $33.4 billion and $33.6 billion, up 22.1 per cent and 4.4 per cent, respectively. The trade deficit is estimated at $176 million, equal to 0.53 per cent of the total export value, much lower than the same period in the previous years.
The total retailed sales of goods and services in the first four months of the year increased around 21.6 per cent. The number of foreign tourists travelling to Vietnam is nearly 2.5 million, up 22.9 per cent.
In the reviewed period, 481,000 jobs have been created. Compared to the same period in 2011, the poor households dipped 16.7 per cent.
Overcoming obstacles to promote production
PM Nguyen Tan Dung praised the achievements of socio-economic development in the first four months, saying they were “quite comprehensive”. He, however, pointed out that businesses are still facing numerous difficulties and inventory level is high.
To address the challenges, the government chief tasked inferior levels to continue the interest rate reduction roadmap, create favourable conditions for businesses to get access to preferential loans and arrange credits for SMEs, agriculture and export sectors.
In term of fiscal policy, he asked for maintaining budget overspending at 4.8 per cent of the gross domestic products (GDP) as proposed by the National Assembly.
The government will focus credit capital on infrastructure development, particularly electricity and transport, he said.
PM Dung also tasked inferior levels to take necessary measures to foster production, especially in agricultural sector, expand domestic and foreign consumption market and propose suitable tax policies for SMEs.
The PM requested ministries and agencies to focus on restructuring the economy, especially the State-owned enterprises, banks and public investment and effectively controlling prices of fundamental commodities.
He also asked for launching synchronous solutions to guarantee social welfare through supporting workers to find jobs, reducing poverty in remote areas and providing food support for poor people.
During the two-day meeting, the government discussed on the draft project on restructuring SOEs.