The Philippines may face international financial sanctions after its parliament failed on Wednesday to pass a bill aimed at stopping terrorist funding, senators said.
The Senate approved two bills expanding the powers of a state agency that investigates funds kept in banks for illegal activity, but failed to pass a crucial third bill to allow it to look into money channelled elsewhere.
The Senate now goes into a recess hoping the Financial Action Task Force (FATF), a multilateral body which aims to combat money laundering and terrorist financing, will not push ahead with sanctions, said Senator Teofisto Guingona.
“Since the Philippine (Senate and House of Representatives) are showing we are doing something, we will appeal to the FATF to delay the blacklisting,” Guingona, co-author of the stalled bill, said in a statement.
Senate finance committee chair Franklin Drilon said the senators did not have time to look at the third bill before the recess because of a legislative backlog.
The FATF, which made the blacklist threat this year, is due to evaluate Philippine compliance in strengthening its laws to fight such crimes at its next meeting starting June 18.
Philippine President Benigno Aquino warned parliament in March to pass all three required bills or risk getting the country blacklisted by the FATF.
Those that fall into the 35-member FATF’s blacklist of “non-cooperative countries and territories” could face financial sanctions from individual task force members, such as the United States.
Drilon said the nine million Filipinos working abroad, who send about $20 billion a year to their relatives back home, will be the most vulnerable to such sanctions.
The Philippines passed an anti-money laundering law in 2001, but the FATF considered it inadequate.
It called for the passage of the three bills to make it easier to scrutinise bank accounts as well as non-bank entities, such as casinos and foreign exchange or precious metals traders.
Drilon said the Philippines’ Anti-Money Laundering Council will appeal to the FATF for more time to pass the last bill.
The Philippine parliament’s next session begins on July 27.