Myanmar opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi is set to make her historic parliamentary debut on Monday, marking a new phase in her near quarter century struggle to bring democracy to her army-dominated homeland.
The veteran activist, whose unswerving campaigning saw her locked up for years by the former junta and earned her a Nobel Peace Prize, is due to take a seat as an elected politician for the first time in the capital Naypyidaw.
Suu Kyi’s first taste of public office comes at a tentative time for Myanmar after recent communal violence and a series of student arrests cast a shadow over promising changes in the former pariah state.
But it also comes amid expectations that several senior hardliners are to be replaced by reformists in an imminent cabinet reshuffle that would mark the first major change of personnel in the top echelons of government since it replaced junta rule last year.
Suu Kyi will join fellow members of her National League for Democracy (NLD), as both the party and its iconic leader transform from dissident outsiders to mainstream political players.
The 67-year-old, one of the NLD’s 37 lower house members of parliament, postponed her debut in the fledgling legislature last week to recover from a gruelling European tour and visit her constituency.
Parliament, still overwhelmingly led by the military and its political allies, has a number of pressing issues on the table for discussion during the current session, which began last Wednesday.
Communal violence in June between ethnic Buddhist Rakhine and Muslim Rohingya, which left dozens dead and tens of thousands homeless, is on the agenda, with an ongoing state of emergency requiring parliamentary approval.
A new foreign investment law aimed at resuscitating the country’s moribund economy is also in the pipeline.
Upper house MP Aye Maung, of the Rakhine Nationalities and Development Party, told AFP that it was a good time for Suu Kyi to enter the legislature amid “confidence building with military representatives”.
Suu Kyi, who was swept into parliament in landmark April by-elections, on Tuesday pledged her party will join “the legislative concert” and push for greater “transparency” once inside parliament.
Their involvement in mainstream politics comes as a result of sweeping changes by a new regime, including the release of hundreds of political prisoners, liberalising sections of the nation’s battered economy and tentative ceasefires with several major armed ethnic rebel groups.
But the government came under fire from other democracy activists last week after authorities in the country on Friday briefly detained around 20 student leaders ahead of the 50th anniversary of a brutal suppression of a student protests. They were freed late Saturday.