The United States has decided to support the creation of a United Nations commission to look into alleged crimes against humanity and war crimes in Myanmar.
The White House said in a statement Wednesday that it believes the commission could advance the cause of human rights in Myanmar, also known as Burma, by “addressing issues of accountability for responsible senior members of the Burmese regime.”
The United States is almost certain to face opposition from China, a close ally of Myanmar, if it seeks to have the UN Security Council establish a commission. It could also ask Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon or go to the general Assembly, the Economic and Social Council or the Geneva-based Human Rights Council where no country has a veto.
By supporting the UN inquiry, the Obama administration is committing itself to backing an investigation of the military junta led since 1992 by Senior Gen. Than Shwe.
Than Shwe’s loyalists overturned election results in 1990 that favoured the political party of Aung San Suu Kyi. Suu Kyi, who was named a Nobel Peace Prize laureate, remains under house arrest.
Myanmar is holding elections November 7 — the first in two decades — but critics say they are a sham designed to perpetuate the military’s commanding role in politics.
Aung Din, executive director of the Washington-based US Campaign for Burma, called the Obama administration’s move “the right and timely action.”
In a statement issued Wednesday, Din said members of the junta “are expecting to delete their dirty crimes by putting a sham constitution into effect through a sham election. This is a clear message that the United States will not recognise their showcase election and will take them accountable for their horrible abuses against their own citizens.”
The administration’s decision was first reported by The Washington Post. An article on the newspaper’s website Wednesday quoted unidentified US officials as saying the administration also is considering tightening financial sanctions against the Myanmar regime to perhaps force it to open its political system and free thousands of political prisoners.
The Obama administration entered office with a desire to shift course on Myanmar.
Pro-democracy and human rights groups have urged the UN Security Council to impose an arms embargo on Myanmar’s military regime and establish a commission of inquiry into crimes against humanity.
They fear a humanitarian crisis may develop along the border with Thailand, where the Myanmar military has been fighting ethnic Karens, pushing thousands of refugees across the border. Karen National Union fighters have been battling for half a century for greater autonomy from Myanmar’s central government.