Agricultural authority warns of massive jackfruit cultivation

20-Jul-2019 Intellasia | SGGP News | 6:02 AM Print This Post

The departments of Agriculture and Rural Development of Mekong Delta provinces warned that farmers should be cautious about abandoning rice, sugarcane and other crops to massively shift to grow Thai variety jackfruit trees as the price of Thai jackfruit is usually volatile.

The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development said on July 17 that in the first months of this year, production of fruits was fairly smooth thanks to good prices, especially key fruit trees, including dragon fruit, mango, rambutan, longan and durian, have brought high efficiency.

Thai jackfruits were strongly bought by traders to export to China. Therefore, in the first months of this year, the price of Thai jackfruit jumped to VND35,000-VND45,000 per kilogram, sometime up to VND50,000-VND60,000 per kilogram, helping farmers to earn profits from VND400 million to VND600 million per hectare per annum.

As a result, farmers have continuously expanded the area of Thai jackfruits. Statistics in 2018 showed that the area of jackfruit trees across the country was around 26,174 hectares with productivity of 16.5 tonnes per hectare and production of 307,534 tonnes. Of which, Mekong Delta provinces had the largest area of jackfruit trees with 10,105 hectares. In the first half of this year, farmers in provinces in the Mekong Delta have continued to newly grow 1,141 hectares of Thai jackfruit trees.

Although Thai jackfruits give high profits, jackfruit has not been considered as a key fruit tree so there has not been any investment or support for its production yet because jackfruit trees have been grown spontaneously by farmers without specific cultivation process.

Survey by the Department of Crop Production showed that the switching to grow jackfruit was scattered in many provinces instead of concentrating in one place with large area, leading to many risks in flooding season as the dyke system has not been completely built.

Meanwhile, pests and diseases occurs complicatedly. The demand for seedlings is high while supply for healthy seedlings and control on seedling quality still face many difficulties. Especially, consumption of Thai jackfruits mainly relies on China so it is risky when market changes.

The price of jackfruits usually changes wildly. Sometimes the price is extremely high but it also drops drastically to a few thousands dong per kilogram.

According to Tran Hong Duc, deputy head of the Department of Agriculture and Rural Development of Chau Thanh District in Hau Giang Province, local farmers have newly grown around 500 hectares of Thai jackfruit trees, increasing the area of jackfruit trees in the district to nearly 3,000 hectares, the highest level in the province. At the present, traders buy first grade Thai jackfruits at about VND30,000 per kilogram and second grade ones at VND15,000 per kilogram. However, the price is unstable as it depends on export situation to China. Therefore, authorities warned that farmers should not rush to expand the area of jackfruit trees rapidly.


Category: Business, Vietnam

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