Many new policies take effect from January

04-Jan-2019 Intellasia | The Saigon Times | 6:00 AM Print This Post

Hikes of minimum monthly wages, administrative sanctions in the civil aviation sector, specialised food safety inspections on a trial basis and a higher environmental protection fee are among the new policies that will take effect this month.

Higher minimum wages

As of January 1, the region-based minimum wage for employees under labour contracts has increased by VND160,000-VND200,000 over the previous levels per month.

Under the government’s Decree 157/2018, the monthly minimum wage for employees in Region 1mainly major citiesis VND4.18 million; Region 2, VND3.71 million; Region 3, VND3.25 million; and Region 4, VND2.92 million.

Civil aviation sanctions

In November 2018, the government issued a decree on handling administrative violations in the civil aviation sector, which will come into force by the middle of this month.

One of the new regulations maintains that individuals who are found to deliberately exhibit harsh, provocative, threatening and abusive behavior and make dirty tricks on or negatively affect the honor and dignity of aviation staff, passengers or other people at airports will be subject to fines ranging from VND3 million (US$130) to VND5 million (US$215).

Meanwhile, those individuals who are found guilty of assaulting aviation staff, passengers or other people at airports will face fines of VND7 million-VND10 million.

Network operators must ensure clients’ privacy

The Ministry of Information and Communications issued a circular imposing more stringent regulations on the execution of telecommunications contracts between network operators and their clients.

Under Circular 16/2018, operators are obliged to ensure the privacy of their clients and to transfer private information to third parties only with the clients’ consent, except in special cases prescribed by law.

Operators must guarantee the quality of their services and must not refuse to enter into contracts. They also must not unilaterally terminate contracts with their clients, except in some special cases.

On suspending telecommunications services, operators must notify their clients 30 days in advance. The circular will take effect from January 21.

Higher environmental protection fee

In September, the Standing Committee of the National Assembly passed a resolution on raising the environmental protection tax, with effect from January 1. The adjustments focus on petroleum products, coal and plastic bags, among other things.

The tax on anthracite coal, which is often referred to as hard coal and has the highest energy density of all types of coal, has increased from VND20,000 per tonne to VND30,000 per tonne. As for other types of coal, the tax has risen from VND10,000 to VND15,000 per tonne.

HCFCs, ozone-depleting substances and powerful greenhouse gases are taxed VND5,000 per kilogram, up VND1,000 from the previous level, while plastic bags are taxed VND50,000 per kilogram, up from VND40,000 per kilogram.

Lawmakers have also increased the environmental protection tax on gasoline by VND1,000 to VND4,000 per litre, while kerosene will be subject to a tax of VND1,000 per litre, VND700 higher than the previous level. In comparison with the government’s proposal in May, the tax on kerosene has halved.

Also, taxes on lubricants and heavy fuel oil have been raised to VND2,000 per litre from the previous VND900.

Specialised food safety inspections

In November, prime minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc approved a pilot scheme on specialised food safety inspections in nine central-level cities and provinces.

These are Hanoi, the north-central provinces of Thanh Hoa and Ha Tinh, the Central Highlands province of Gia Lai, the northern port city of Hai Phong, the central coastal city of Danang, the southern province of Dong Nai, HCM City, and the Mekong Delta city of Can Tho.


Category: Economy, Vietnam

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